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Ohio General Law Blog

How to travel out of the country after a divorce

Ohio parents may want to take their children outside of the United States for a variety of reasons. However, it might not be so easy to do so after a divorce. In many cases, noncustodial parents have the right to object to such a trip or otherwise be entitled to information about it. An exception could be made in cases where only one parent has physical and legal custody of the child.

Generally speaking, whether an international trip with a child is allowed will be determined as part of a parenting plan. However, even if the plan doesn't specifically allow for international travel, the parents may be able to come to a solution on their own. The key question is whether allowing the trip is in the child's best interest. Even if it is, there may be still be limitations on when it can happen and where the child can go.

Upholding your rights when police do not

From the moment you encounter a police officer, your life could take a very different turn. While many men and women who serve in law enforcement uphold the law with dignity and respect for the Ohio citizens they serve, others misuse their positions and authorities for their own purposes. Still others may fail to exercise appropriate restraint when dealing with a tense situation. It is during these times that you may become the victim of civil rights violations.

The violation of your rights can occur in a variety of ways. Some are obvious and may even result in your physical harm. However, not every incident of police misconduct will end up on someone's cell phone or go viral on social media, so it is important to know your rights so you can recognize when law enforcement steps over the line.

Did your child suffer a birth injury after hiring a midwife?

If you are pregnant or just gave birth, you might be concerned about birth injuries in yourself and your child. Many hospitals and birth centers regularly use midwives, but the state of Ohio does not directly regulate non-nurse midwives. This could leave you vulnerable.

Ketogenic diets could influence breath test result

Some Ohio residents follow diets that are low in carbohydrates. When very few carbohydrates are consumed, the body depletes its glycogen reserves and begins to burn stores of fat for energy. This metabolic state is known as ketosis, and some academics believe that it can fool police breath-testing equipment. This is because the body produces acetone when the liver breaks down stored fat, and some of this organic byproduct is released in the breath as isopropyl alcohol.

The makers of the portable breath-testing devices used by police departments dismiss these claims, and they point out that the results of roadside toxicology tests are not generally considered proof of impairment in drunk driving cases. When motorists fail breath or field sobriety tests in the field, they are usually brought to a police facility for additional testing with sophisticated machines that use infrared spectroscopy to determine intoxication levels.

Making the divorce process easier with a collaborative coach

Not all Ohio couples deciding to part ways have a desire to squabble over every little divorce-related detail. In fact, some partners have an honest desire to make the end of a marriage an orderly, collaborative and amicable process. One way for separating spouses to do this is to call on a "coach" for help.

A collaborative divorce coach often has a mental health background and mediation experience. Their goal is to make conversations between divorcing spouses more productive. They sometimes coordinate efforts with everyone involved with a divorce. This may include a child psychologist if children are involved and financial advisers if assets need to be split. A coach may also step in if discussions get heated. They could provide one-on-one counseling to help a spouse regroup and focus.

Hospital staff mistakes could affect the health of Ohio patients

During a six-month study at Rush University Medical Center, researchers discovered routine mistakes made by healthcare workers that led to the spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. The study took place in a busy ICU setting so that workers could be observed in real-life situations where slip-ups would be more likely to occur. The purpose of the study was to understand better how contamination happens and what can be done to avoid it.

Researchers studied the actions of 24 doctors, 83 nurses and 95 patients in four intensive care units. They collected 6,000 samples from around the ICU, including items that had touched the patients' skin, such as blood pressure cuffs and call buttons. They also tested workers' gloves, gowns and hands before and after interacting with patients. Their tests revealed a routine mistake that was being made when workers shed their protective gowns and gloves.

Studies examine reasons for most malpractice claims

Ohio patients may be more likely to suffer from a misdiagnosis than any other form of malpractice. According to studies by two different malpractice insurers, misdiagnosis is the main reason for malpractice claims.

One company, Coverys, reported that 46 percent of closed malpractice claims between 2013 and 2017 were diagnosis related, and the patient died in 45 percent of those cases. The other insurer, The Doctors Company, looked at 1,215 claims closed between 2008 and 2017. It reported that misdiagnosis was the issue in nearly 40 percent of claims that involved the treatment of children. The study author said this pointed to the necessity of providing adequate information to parents about symptoms that indicate the need for immediate care.

Colon cancer more commonly misdiagnosed in younger patients

Colorectal cancer (colon cancer) is a condition not relegated to just the elderly. That's why Ohio residents who suspect they have it should not wait for a screening. Unfortunately, it seems that younger patients with colon cancer are more commonly misdiagnosed. This was the conclusion of a study by Colorectal Cancer Alliance.

The study involved 1,195 colon cancer patients, 63 percent of whom said that they had to wait between three and 12 months to be screened for the cancer. Of these, many had to visit two to four physicians before being accurately diagnosed. Among those patients under 50, 71 percent were found with stage 3 or 4 colorectal cancer. Patients over 50 were more likely to have stage 1 or 2.

Rare disease patients often face misdiagnosis

For people with rare diseases in Ohio, misdiagnosis and the consequent inappropriate treatment may present additional threats to their health and well-being. Around the world, there are over 400 million people with rare diseases, but most of these illnesses are the subject of little research or attention. Because relatively few people are affected by each condition, most rare illnesses receive little funding that could help to move research forward. As a result, many patients with these conditions are often inaccurately diagnosed and may receive useless or even harmful treatments.

In the United States, diseases are considered rare if less than 200,000 Americans are affected annually. A full 50 percent of patients affected by these conditions are children, but they can affect people throughout the human lifespan. For example, around 3,000 people are diagnosed with mesothelioma each year. This cancer is generally caused by asbestos exposure and develops later in life. However, it is frequently misdiagnosed as pneumonia, asthma or even the common cold. When there is a failure to diagnose cancer at an early stage, patients could miss out on a critical stage where it may have been possible to treat the malignancy more effectively.

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